Illegal logging is the harvesting of wood that is in violation of national regulations this could include harvesting timber from protected areas, felling protected species, or exceeding logging quotas. Illegal logging is an immense, multi-billion dollar industry threatening forests worldwide some research even suggests that illegal activities make up more than 10 percent of the global timber trade, representing more than $150 billion per year.
Illegal logging and related trade occurs when timber is harvested, transported, processed, bought or sold in violation of national or sub-national laws it can also happen when forests are cleared for plantations such as oil palm. Illegal logging illegal logging is the rule rather than the exception in many forest-rich countries – it is big business, and often reliant on collusion between companies and the state.
Illegal logging is the lead cause of degradation of the world’s forests it includes the harvesting, transporting, processing, buying or selling of timber in violation of national laws some examples include trees are harvested from protected areas and then traded illegally.
Illegal logging is not as prevalent as it was during the 1980s and 90s although it still occurs illegal logging generally focuses on high-value species and results in a selective clearing of certain species.
Illegal logging has serious economic and social implications for the poor and disadvantaged with millions of dollars worth of timber revenue being lost each year  furthermore, the illegal trade of forest resources undermines international security , and is frequently associated with corruption, money laundering , organized crime , human rights abuses and, in some cases, violent conflict. Illegal logging is a major global problem since 2012, we have had laws to combat illegal logging and promote the trade of legal timber products.